BENEŠOV (Ger. Beneschau), town in Bohemia, the Czech Republic. The community, first mentioned in 1419, was among the earliest to be established in a seignorial town in bohemia . Five Jewish families were living there in 1570. A community is again mentioned there in 1845, numbering seven families in 1852. It was officially registered in 1893 with 786 persons (including those living in 27 surrounding villages). Benešov was a center of the Svaz čechů-židů , Czecho-Jewish movement, and of the struggle against the German-language Jewish school at the end of the 19th century. In 1930 the community numbered 237 (2.8% of the total population), 24 of whom declared their nationality as Jewish. The anti-Jewish laws imposed during the   German occupation were sometimes not enforced in Benešov. Most of the community was deported by the Nazis to the Maly Trostinets extermination camp near Minsk in 1942. Only two Jews returned. The synagogue equipment was sent to the Central Jewish Museum in Prague; two cemeteries still remain. No community has been reconstructed. (Jan Herman)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Benesov — Original name in latin Beneov Name in other language Beneschau, Benesov, Beneov State code CZ Continent/City Europe/Prague longitude 49.78162 latitude 14.68697 altitude 357 Population 16257 Date 2012 12 18 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

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  • Benešov District — Okres Benešov   District   District countryside …   Wikipedia

  • Benešov u Boskovic — Benešov …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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